Area-efficient high-accuracy bandgap voltage reference circuit

An integrated circuit includes a reference voltage circuit. The reference voltage circuit includes a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) configured to receive a first current during a first phase of a clock cycle to generate a first base-emitter junction voltage, and receive a second current during a second phase of the clock cycle to generate a second base-emitter junction voltage. The reference voltage circuit includes a switched capacitor circuit configured to provide a reference voltage associated with the first base-emitter junction voltage and the second base-emitter junction voltage.

Some apparatus and associated methods relate to conductivity modulation apparatus for active operations with an inductive element in a packaged circuit module formed with a bypass switch for configuration in parallel with an inductor. In

A distress situation recognizing and remote assistance summoning device for recognizing a distress situation which may be encountered by a transport vehicle, and for summoning assistance via a wireless communications link is shown and described.

Apparatus and associated methods relate to a photoelectric sensor system with a primary photo-detector to receive an on-axis return reflected by a retro-reflective target, and a monitor photo-detector to detect off-axis light indicative of a

Apparatus and associated methods relate to dual safety touch button systems for generating machine operation commands, according to predetermined safety guidelines, from status information received via an intercommunications link (ICL) operably connecting the dual safety