General Rules for Things You Can't Patent | Austin Patent Lawyers

General Rules for Things You Can’t Patent | Austin Patent Lawyers

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Patents are intended to protect inventors by allowing them exclusive rights to create and reproduce their own invention. Patents encourage inventors to keep inventing and sharing their discoveries with the rest of the world. As Austin patent lawyers, we can tell you that while there are many things that can be patented, there are many things you can’t patent.  These things generally fall into the following categories:

Abstract Ideas: Say someone has an idea to use software to manage escrow funds for a real estate transaction This isn’t patentable. Abstract Ideas may precede inventions, but they aren’t patentable inventions. The main difference is that patentable inventions must provide a non-conventional step over what is found in the prior art. Even if the invention is intangible, like an app on a mobile device, it should also require more than mere mental steps i.e. not doable by people by just thinking about it.

Mathematical formulas, natural laws, or natural phenomena: You may discover the chemical make-up of the sun’s corona. You cannot patent this discovery. However, you can patent a type of telescope filter algorithm that you created to make this discovery. The difference is that mathematical formulas, natural laws, and natural phenomenon all exist in nature before you discovered them. The corona existed before your discovery and without your discovery. Your telescope filter algorithm, on the other hand, originates from your mind and your work.

Things that already exist in nature: Things found in nature can’t be patented. An explorer in the Amazon rainforest discovers a rare type of orchid. She can’t patent that flower. However, she takes the orchid to her lab, crosses it with another orchid native to Hawaii and successfully creates a new hybrid orchid. She can patent the hybrid because it didn’t exist in nature, and could have only have happened through human intervention.

Things that have already been patented: Inventions need not be entirely new things. They can be substantial improvements on existing things, and they must be useful in some way. However, if you’re making an improvement, the improvement has to make the thing substantially different from the previous version such that it changes its very nature. For example, if someone patents a car that runs on water poured into a tank by a person, and you make a car that absorbs water from the atmosphere and collects it in the tank, that’s an improvement. Even if the first car is patented, the second car adds a new and non-obvious improvement that is unique from the first.

 Things that are in current, common use: Things that are already in common use can’t be patented unless there’s a significant improvement that makes them somehow different from the original. For example, you cannot patent the hairbrush. You can, however, patent a hairbrush that also dyes your hair whatever color you want when you use it.

Knowing what can be patented and what things you can't patent can be difficult, but the good news is that an experienced patent attorney can help you determine if your invention is patentable before going through the lengthy and expensive process of patent applications. If you would like to discuss your ideas or inventions, we invite you to contact our Austin Patent Lawyers at (512) 649-1046 to schedule a consultation.

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Andy Gates President/ Gates Manufacturing Gates Manufacturing

Craige is one of the best patent attorneys I've worked with

Craige is one of the best patent attorneys I've worked with. There was a minimum of fuss, very straightforward, and got our patent issued in a little over a year. Will definitely use Craige again for our next IP work.